Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Mitigasi Bencana (Studi Kasus pada UnitKegiatan Mahasiswa Penanggulangan Kebencanaan Universitas Teuku Umar)

(The Role of Higher Education in Disaster Mitigation (Case Study in Teuku Umar University Disaster Management Student Activity Unit)

Authors
  • Afrizal Tjoetra Program Studi Sosiologi – FISIP, Universitas Teuku Umar, Meulaboh 23615, Indonesia
  • Arfriani Maifizar Program Studi Sosiologi – FISIP, Universitas Teuku Umar, Meulaboh 23615, Indonesia
Issue       Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Talenta Conference Series: Local Wisdom, Social, and Arts (LWSA)
Section       Articles
Galley      
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32734/lwsa.v2i1.582
Keywords: Masyarakat Perguruan Tinggi Penanggulangan Bencana Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa
Published 2019-11-20

Abstract

Abstract
University has a strategic role in the community through its three essential services related to learning, research and community service. Regarding disaster management, Teuku Umar University has formed a Student Activity Unit of Disaster Management (UKM PK). This unit has been active in carrying out various actions during disaster management in the south west region of Aceh, especially in West Aceh District. The research objective was to find out the various efforts and obstacles of this Student Activity
Unit of Disaster Management (UKM PK) while carrying out their role in disaster management. This study was conducted using qualitative methods. The research was carried out through document review and interviews with selected speakers, such as the advisor of student unit of disaster management, the Chair and Vice Chair of Disaster Management Student Unit, Disaster Management Agency of West Aceh, and a number of people who received assistancesfrom disaster management student unit. Based on the results of the research indicated that the student activity unit of disaster management has played an active role in disaster management, especially in West Aceh. The efforts carried out comprised 4 (four) parts, namely disaster mitigation, disaster training for members of UKM PK, Building collaboration with related agencies and visiting the areas affected by the disaster. On the other hand, the obstacles face by the Student Activity Unit of Disaster Management in carrying out their roles were divided into two parts, namely internal and external Obstacles. Internal obstacles related to the lack of funding and facilities and infrastructure, regeneration, and the capacity of members and the limited time of members in handling disasters that often arise unexpectedly, while external barriers were related to the community's willingness to mitigate and manage disasters sustainably.

 

Perguruan Tinggi memiliki peran strategis dalam masyarakat melalui tridarmanya berkaitan dengan pembelajaran, penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat. Mengenai penanggulangan bencana, Universitas Teuku Umar telah membentuk Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa Penanggulangan Kebencanaan (UKM PK). UKM PK telah aktif melakukan berbagai aksinya saat penanggulangan bencana di kawasan barat selatan Aceh, khususnya di Kabupaten Aceh Barat. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui berbagai upaya dan hambatan UKM selama melaksanakan perannya dalam penanggulangan bencana. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode kualitatif. Penelitian dilaksanakan melalui kajian dokumen dan wawancara dengan beberapa narasumber terpilih, seperti Pembina UKM PK, Ketua dan Wakil Ketua UKM PK, unsur Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Kabupaten Aceh Barat, serta sejumlah masyarakat yang menerima manfaat saat UKM PK melakukan penanggulangan bencana. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa UKM PK telah berperan aktif dalam penanggulangan bencana khususnya di Aceh Barat. Upaya-upaya yang dilakukan terdiri dari 4 (empat) bagian, yaitu mitigasi bencana, pelatihan kebencanaan bagi anggota UKM-PK, membangun kerjasama dengan instansi terkait serta terjun lapangan pada lokasi bencana. Sedangkan hambatan UKM PK dalam melaksanakan perannya dibagi dalam dua bagian, yaitu hambatan internal dan eskternal. Hambatan internal terkait minimnya pendanaan serta sarana dan prasarana, kaderisasi, serta kapasitas anggota dan keterbatasan waktu anggota dalam penanganan bencana yang sering muncul tak terduga. Sedangkan hambatan eksternal berkaitan dengan kesediaan masyarakat dalam mitigasi dan penanggulangan bencana secara berkelanjutan.