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Indian Women in Malaya, 1900 to 1945: Migration Experiences and Socioeconomic Condition

  • Syamala Nair Gopal Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11700, Penang, Malaysia
  • Mahani Musa Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11700, Penang, Malaysia
Issue       Vol 3 No 4 (2020): Talenta Conference Series: Local Wisdom, Social, and Arts (LWSA)
Section       Articles
Keywords: Indian Woman Socio-Economy Immigrants Japanese Rani of Jhansi Regiment
Published 2020-12-04


This study aimed to evaluate the process of migration and the socioeconomic status of Indian women in Malaya between 1900 to 1945. The sustainable economic growth of the country requires an increase in terms of labour productivity. The economic growth that occurred in Malaya during the British colonisation has led to an influx of immigrants from India and China in droves. Indian labour has played a significant part in increasing Malayan economy. The presence of Indian women labour, although not as many as Indian male labour, can still be considered significant in the country’s economic growth. Their presence in Malaya has put them in an oppressed situation, and various parties took the opportunity to exploit their position. This study used a qualitative approach and conducted using the method of historical research through the library and archival research concerning the primary and secondary sources. With a focus on the period from 1900 to 1945, the study will unlock the socioeconomic position of women in India during the British colonisation and their condition during the Japanese Occupation. Their involvement in the Rani of Jhansi Regiment and the impact of their participation in this movement will also be included